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  • Flat feet
  • High Arches
  • Achilles Pain
  • Aching Feet
  • Thick Nails
  • Smelly feet
  • Foot Pain
  • Pidgeon Toes
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Cracked Heels
  • Shin Splints
  • Stress fracture
  • Athletes foot (Tinea)
  • Arch pain
  • Arthritis
  • "Growing pains"
  • Knock Knees
  • Pins and needles
  • Swollen Feet
  • Growing feet
  • Blisters
  • Footwear Advice
  • Sporting feet
  • Numb Feet (neuropathy)
What causes calluses and corns?

Calluses and corns are generally symptoms of underlying problems and in some cases, early warning signals of more complex foot disorders. Because they are caused by continuous pressure in one particular area, they may indicate abnormalities or deformity in bone structure or in the way a person walks. Often calluses and corns are caused by ill-fitting or inappropriate footwear.

The pressure of calluses our feet play an important role in getting us around. When we walk or stand, our feet carry the burden of our body weight, as well as bearing the various pressures of movement and the constraints of footwear.

Sometimes, pressure placed on the foot becomes out of balance and extra friction falls on particular areas of the foot. When this happens, the body may respond to the pressure by producing thickenings in the surface layer of the skin. These hard patches of skin are called calluses and are part of the body’s defense system to protect the underlying tissues. If the cause of pressure is not relieved, calluses become painful

...and corns, if pressure becomes concentrated in a small area, a ‘hard’ corn may develop. Sometimes the pressure of the corn or callus may produce inflammation which can result in acute pain, swelling and redness.

Sometimes ‘soft’ corns may form between the toes where the skin is moist from sweat or inadequate drying. These appear white and rubbery and are also caused by excessive friction. Corns and calluses are most often found on the balls of the feet or the tops of toes. They can also be found on heels and even along the sides of Toenails.

Who gets calluses and corns?
Almost everyone! In fact, calluses and corns affect more people than any other kind of foot problem. Some people have a natural tendency to develop calluses because of their skin type. For instance, elderly people have less fatty tissue and elasticity in their feet and because of a lack of padding, calluses may form on the bottom of the foot. Also, people who work in occupations that require them to spend a lot of time on their feet are prone to developing calluses.
How to treat calluses and corns
The most important thing to remember about treating calluses and corns is never do it yourself without seeing a specialist first. Because calluses are generally symptoms of other problems, it is important to have a podiatrist examine your feet to work out what could be causing the pressure.

Over-the counter remedies such as corn paint or plasters generally only treat the symptoms – not the problem.
Also, they can easily damage the healthy skin surrounding the corn if not used properly. Commercial preparations should only be used following professional advice.

It is important that you never cut corns or calluses yourself. In the warm, moist confines of enclosed shoes, infection can easily develop and small cuts can quickly become serious wounds.
See our Podiatrists
Our podiatrist will not only recommend ways to relieve pain and get rid of the corn or callus, but can also help with isolating the cause and preventing the problem recurring. At Surefoot Podiatry, we can remove the hard skin and corn to immediately relieve your pain. To allow the callus to heal and prevent future cases, we may redistribute pressure on the foot with soft padding and strapping or deflective appliances that fit easily into your shoes. For corns on the toes, small foam wedges are useful for relieving pressure on affected parts. For older patients suffering from calluses on the soles of the feet, extra shock absorption for the ball of the foot can help to compensate for loss of natural padding.

Heel pain is one of the most common conditions that are treated by Podiatrists. it is often a message from the body that something is in need of medical attention. Pain that occurs right after an injury or early in an illness may play a protective role, often warning us about the damage we have suffered.

Who gets heel pain?
The greatest incidence of heel pain is in middle aged men and women. it is also seen in those who take part in regular sporting activities and those significantly overweight and on their feet a lot. Heel pain can also occur in children, usually between 8 and 13, as they become increasingly active in sporting activities or due to growth problems and inadequate school or sport shoes.
The causes of heel pain
While heel pain has many causes, it is usually the result of faulty biomechanics (abnormalities in the way we walk). This can place too much stress on the heel bone and the soft tissues attached to it. The stress may also result from injury, or a bruise incurred while walking, running or jumping on hard surfaces; wearing poorly constructed footwear; or being significantly overweight. Systemic diseases such as arthritis and diabetes can also contribute to heel pain.

Common Complications

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Gosford Podiatry

Meet Us

Surefoot Podiatry &
The Corner Family Surgery
30 Renwick St.
Gosford NSW 2250


P (02) 4328 2122
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ABN: 75 300 302 175

Opening Hours

Monday to Friday
9am to 5pm
Home visit also available